Brimming with revolutionary history, Chihuahua City was the seat of government for President Benito Juárez during the French invasion and a base during the Mexican Revolution. It has since evolved into both a hip and prominent Mexican city. However, Chihuahua also remembers its roots. These monuments around Chihuahua commemorate its cultural history and celebrate how far the city has come.
Chihuahua Cultural Center
Built in the late 19th century, this neoclassical building is well known for its elegant architecture that reflects the significant wealth of Chihuahua’s initial landowners. Visitors can admire the architectural beauty of the city’s oldest homes at the Cultural Center, which has a glass domed patio, wrought iron gates from New Orleans and a room dedicated to artistic works from the Paquime culture.
Located on Paseo Boulevard, this lavish Art Nouveau residence was built in the early 19th century by a wealthy entrepreneur as a wedding gift for his wife. Sadly, the couple never inhabited the estate due to the Mexican Revolution, but the beautiful Tiffany stained glass and central arch are admired by all who pass through what has since become a cultural center owned by the State of Chihuahua.
Monumento a la Mexicanidad
Located in the north-central region of Ciudad Juarez, this is a monument you can’t miss. The Monumento a la Mexicanidad is a 197-foot steel, X-shaped sculpture rising up from the US-Mexico border. Created by sculptor Enrique Carbajal Gonzalez, it symbolizes the coming together and integration of Mexico’s indigenous and Spanish cultures. It’s a beautiful sight, especially at night, from both sides of the border.
Built in 1725, the Chihuahua Cathedral is often referred to as northern Mexico’s finest Baroque monument. It took over 100 years to complete the cathedral and despite being of Spanish Baroque style, it was interestingly built with objects from around the world—an octagonal window sourced from Germany adorns the front of the church, a clock from London that replaced the royal Spanish coat of arms in 1874. This cathedral is a beautiful place to sit and take a breath.
Spanning across three floors, this historic colonial building was painted mostly by artist Aarón Piña Mora with murals depicting scenes from Mexico’s turbulent and not-so-distant past. It is also the site where Miguel Hidalgo, leader of the Mexican War of Independence, was executed in 1811. His life is honored at the Government Palace with a memorial room featuring several statues of him and candles lit in his honor.
San Francisco Temple
Located near the Plaza Mayor in downtown Chihuahua City, this is one of Chihuahua’s only monuments built during colonial times that remains standing. Originally built within 10 years of the city’s foundation, the church was completed in 1789 and named after the Franciscan order of the Catholic Church, complete with plain whitewashed walls to reflect the no-frills Franciscan style.
Plaza de Armas
Built in 1895, this plaza lies between the current Ayuntamiento building and the Chihuahua Cathedral. It serves as the heart of the Centro Histórico and was laid out with bronze allegorical statues on each corner of the square. Cast in Paris, the statues represent labor, commerce, agriculture and mining.
Plaza del Ángel
Also referred to as Plaza Mayor, this monument is located at the heart of downtown Chihuahua and is impossible to miss. Its center is adorned by a 121-foot marble column topped by a rotating sculpture of the Angel of Liberty to commemorate the freedom route where Miguel Hidalgo spent his last days. This area is popular tourist destination for taking pictures and appreciating the many historical monuments and architecture around the area.